SEEN the background information on this case, viz:
1. In a
communication dated October 1, 1984 the Inter-American Commission on
Human Rights received the following petition:
July 28, 1984, Francisco García Ramos, 25 years of age, disappeared
from his home in the town of Vilcashuaman, in the province of Huamanga.
No official reason was given for his detention. Officials of the
Investigations Department of the Police affirm that Mr. García Ramos
was released on August 2, 1984 but to date he has not returned home.
Officials at "Los Cabitos" Barracks denied his presence there.
Mr. García Ramos was a soldier of the army in Vilcashuaman until
February of 1984.
events could constitute a violation of the American Convention on Human
Rights of which Peru is a member State.
2. In its note of
November 5, 1984 the Commission requested the Government of Peru to
provide the pertinent information, in accordance with Article 34
(formerly 31) of its Regulations.
3. In its note of
January 30, 1985 the Commission repeated its request for information,
pointing out it could apply the provisions of Article 42 (formerly 39)
of the Regulations.
4. In a note dated
March 6, 1985 (Nº 7-5-M/37) the Government of Peru furnished the
respect to Case 9468 concerning Mr. Francisco García Ramos, his reentry
in the Voting Register of Peru, on October 24, 1984, has been confirmed,
that is to say it was made after October 1, 1984 which is the date of
the petition before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. In
evidence we attach copy of the reentry document under the number
2824-8343 of the Voting Register of Peru.
5. In its
communication dated March 19, 1985, the Commission transmitted the
information provided by the Government of Peru to the petitioner
requesting that he submit his observations or comments within 45 days.
6. In a
communication dated May 3, 1985, the petitioner made the following
seems that, according to the Government of Peru's communication, because
Mr. García's name appears in the Voting Register on the date of October
24, 1984, he is then alive and free. We question how it can possibly be
established he is alive and free with this sole piece of evidence. As we
understand it, this is unacceptable.
on the sworn statement by Mr. García's wife submitted to the
Commission, it is a fact that Mr. García was arrested by members of the
Investigations Department of the Police on or about July 28, 1984. If
Mr. García were free, the Government of Peru would be able to report
where he was detained, for how long and the date, place and
circumstances of Mr. García's release. This kind of information is
pertinent in order to establish if Mr. García's arrest was carried out
in accordance with the rights and guarantees established by the American
Convention on Human Rights.
the Government of Peru's communication establishes that Mr. García is
no longer in detention, further information is needed for the Commission
to make an appropriate decision on this case.
conclusion, we are grateful for the opportunity to comment on the
Government of Peru's communication. Moreover, we will continue to search
for additional information on these cases which we will immediately
submit to the Commission. We thank the Commission for their concern and
interest in these cases.
7. In its note of
May 8, 1985 the Commission transmitted the above transcribed
observations to the Government of Peru requesting it provide complete
information on the case within 30 days.
8. In a letter
dated June 8, 1985 the petitioner submitted an extensive communication
to the IACHR on this case, with special reference to the problem of the
exhaustion of the domestic remedies. The petitioner especially pointed
out that in this case the domestic remedies had been exhausted since the
disappeared person's wife had sent the Public Prosecutor's Office an
affidavit dated August 9, 1984 stating that her husband had disappeared
by action of members of the Investigations Department of the Police on
July 28, 1984, and had not been heard of again, and that she had asked
about him at various facilities including "Los Cabitos"
Barracks, police precincts and the actual Investigations Department of
the Police without obtaining any results.
9. Moreover, in
the mentioned document the petitioner said that several persons and
organizations had stated that the armed forces of Peru and the police
had thwarted the attempts made by the Public Prosecutor's office to
investigate disappeared persons, that it was therefore useless to appeal
to that Office, and that in fact the civilian authorities were
subordinated to the military power.
In its note of October 11, 1985 the Commission again requested
the Government of Peru to provide the corresponding information on the
cases pending process.
In a note dated March 26, 1986 (Nº 7-5-M/44) the Government of
Peru furnished the following information:
Case Nº 9468 concerning Mr. Francisco García Ramos, his reentry in the
Voting Register of Peru, made subsequently to the date of his alleged
disappearance in the month of October 1984 has been proved.
In its communication of April 16, 1986 the Commission transmitted
the information provided by the Government of Peru to the petitioner
requesting he submit his observations on the same within 45 days.
In a communication dated May 30, 1986 the petitioner made the
Government's reply only reiterates the communication of March 6, 1986.
In this response it is underscored that Mr. García's name appears in
the Voting Register on October 24, 1984 when García was alive and free.
Once again, as in our previous communications, we question whether this
sole fact can establish if Mr. García is alive and free. In our view,
this is not the case.
to the affidavit made by Mr. García's wife, and which we submitted to
the Commission, it appears that Mr. García was arrested by members of
the Investigations Department of the Police on July 28, 1984. If Mr.
García is presently free, the Government of Peru should be capable of
informing where he was detained, for how long, in what circumstances and
by what authority. Moreover, the Government could indicate the time,
place and circumstances of Mr. García's release. We wish to note that
if in fact Mr. García was released by the Government, then this
information would serve to determine if Mr. García's arrest was carried
out in accordance to the guarantees established by the American
Convention on Human Rights.
the Government has no interest in furnishing this information which is
clearly under its control. This reluctance to inform interferes with Mr.
Garcías rights as set forth in the American Convention on Human Rights,
rights which were violated in spite of evidence that he is now free.
short, the Government's communication should include further pertinent
information in order for the IACHR to carry out a proper study of the
case. The request for this information, which has not been provided, was
underscored in our communication of May 3, 1985.
In its communication of June 10, 1986 the Commission transmitted
the comments sent by the petitioner to the Government of Peru requesting
it furnish complete information on the case within 30 days.
1. That the
subject matter of this case satisfies the requirements for admissibility
set forth in its Regulations.
2. That the
information provided by the Government of Peru on the status of Mr.
Francisco García Ramos, in its note of March 6, 1985 (Nº 7-5-M/37),
which was confirmed or repeated in its note of March 26, 1986 (Nº
7-5-M/44), does not offer sufficient facts to detract from the petition
claiming the disappearance of the afore-mentioned, also in view of the
fact that the copy of the reentry in Peru's Voting Register, made on
October 24, 1984, subsequently to the petition, is not endorsed by any
judicial authority, is not part of the records of any investigation
carried out on the case, and neither did any examining judge or official
provide a transcript showing the actions taken to obtain a true and
authentic, certified copy of that official document or certificate of
3. That, moreover,
the information given by the Government of Peru disregards the fact that
Mr. García Ramos' wife submitted an affidavit on August 9, 1984 to the
competent judicial authority, that is the Public Prosecutor's office,
confirming her husband disappearance by action of members of the
Investigations Department of the Police of Huamanga, and all the other
investigations carried out during three years, and without results, by
the said wife to find out the whereabouts and fate of her husband.
4. That it is
obvious and unquestionable that if Mr. García had not disappeared and
were free somewhere in the country or abroad, the Government of Peru
would be able to provide information on the time, place and
circumstances of said release or of Mr. Garcia's past or present
residence (permanent or provisional), and that, therefore, the
information submitted to the Commission is incomplete and does not
respond to the problem brought up in the petition, which is the
disappearance of the said Mr. García Ramos since June of 1983.
5. That in the
case under consideration the petitioners have exhausted all domestic
remedies, as established in the records before the Public Prosecutor's
office, with no results having been obtained, and whereby the provisions
of Article 37, paragraph 2, a, of the Commission's Regulations
6. That, moreover,
in the case which is the subject matter of this Resolution, the
Commission has not been able, by reason of the nature of the petition,
that is, the forced disappearance of Mr. Francisco García Ramos, to
apply the friendly settlement procedure provided for in Article 48,
paragraph 1, f of the American Convention on Human Rights and in
Article 45 of its Regulations.
7. That in
accordance with Article 42 (formerly 39) of its Regulations the
Commission considers the facts of the complaint to be true, as long as
no other evidence leads to a different conclusion.
INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, RESOLVES:
1. To presume true
the facts denounced in the communication of October 1st, 1984
concerning the disappearance of Mr. Francisco García Ramos, on July 28,
1983, in Vilcashuaman, Huamanga.
2. To declare that
this constitutes a very serious violation of the right to personal
liberty (Article 7) and the right to life (Article 4) of the American
Convention on Human Rights.
3. To recommend to
the Government of Peru that it proceed, as soon as possible, to carry
out an investigation on the event and punish those responsible therefor
with the most severe penalties established in its domestic legislation.
4. To declare that
the relatives of the victim are entitled to fair compensation, according
to law, whereby the Government is responsible for said compensation.
5. To request the
Government of Peru to report to the Commission, in a period of 60 days,
on the measures taken to implement the recommendations set forth in this
Resolution. Should the Government of Peru not respond, the Commission
will include this Resolution in its Annual Report to the General
Assembly of the OAS, in accordance with Article 63, g of its
6. To transmit
this Resolution to the Government of Peru and the petitioner.