OEA/Ser.L/v/II.88
Doc. 10 rev.
9 February 1995
Original:  Spanish

REPORT ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN HAITI
1995


TABLE OF CONTENTS 


INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I: BACKGROUND

CHAPTER II: THE COMMISSION'S ACTIVITIES IN HAITI IN 1994

1. IACHR Report to the Permanent Council of the OAS

2. IACHR's On-site Visit, May 16-20, 1994

3. Visit of observation on the haitian refugees' situation in The Bahamas

4. Submission of the Report on Haiti to the 24th OAS General Assembly

5. Arrangements for a Further On-Site Visit

6. Hearings at the 87th Period of IACHR Sessions, September 19-30, 1994

7. IACHR's On-Site Visit, October 24-27, 1994

CHAPTER III: THE POLITICAL SITUATION IN HAITI

1. Introduction

2. Return of the OAS/UN Mission

3. New Efforts to Pursue the Negotiation Process

4. Widening of Sanctions under the Embargo and its Political Impact

5. Resolution 6/94, "Call for a Return to Democracy in Haiti," by the Ad Hoc Meeting of Foreign Ministers of the OAS

6. Measures to Force the Military Authorities to Leave

7. Expulsion of the OAS/UN International Civilian Mission

8. Resolution 940 of the UN Security Council

9. Agreement Between the US Government and the Haitian Military

10. Arrival of the Multinational Force

CHAPTER IV: THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN HAITI

1. Introduction

2. Repression in Haiti

3. Consequences of the Repression

A) The "marronage" phenomenon

B) Violence against women and sexual abuse

C) Violations of the rights of children

4. Cases of Human Rights Violations

A) Right to life

B) Right to personal liberty and humane treatment

C) Rights to Freedom of Expression and of Assembly

D) Right to Private Property

5. Refugees (boat people)

CHAPTER V: THE RETURN OF THE DEMOCRATIC REGIME TO HAITI

1. Reinstallation of the Democratic Regime

2. The Human Rights Situation Under the Regime of President Aristide

3. The Judicial System

4. The situation in the prisons

A. National Penitentiary Center

B. Prisons at Saint Marc and Gona´ves

C. Prisoners detained by the Multinational Force

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

ANNEXES

i Tables about human rights violations

ii Press Communiques of the IACHR

iii Resolution 6/94 "Call for the return of democracy in Haiti" from the Ad hoc Meeting of the OAS Foreign Affairs Ministers

iv UN Security Counsil Resolution 940