OEA/Ser.L/V/II.97
Doc. 29 rev.1
29 september 1997
Original:  Portuguese

REPORT ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN BRAZIL

1997



INTRODUCTION

A. BACKGROUND

B. FEDERAL GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES IN THE FIELD OF HUMAN RIGHTS

C. SCOPE OF THE REPORT AND THE SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY USED

CHAPTER I:

THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN BRAZIL'S JURIDICAL SYSTEM

A. THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM

B. THE CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM

C. THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE IN BRAZIL

 

CHAPTER II:

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS IN BRAZIL

 

CHAPTER III

POLICE VIOLENCE, IMPUNITY, AND EXCLUSIVE MILITARY JURISDICTION FOR THE POLICE

A. VIOLENCE AND POLICE IMPUNITY

B. DEATH SQUADS

C. IMPUNITY OF THE POLICE

D. CONCLUSIONS

 

CHAPTER IV

CONDITIONS OF DETENTION IN BRAZIL

A. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

B. REBELLIONS AND KILLINGS IN THE PENAL CENTERS

C. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 

CHAPTER V

VIOLENCE AGAINST MINORS

A. BRAZIL'S INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS IN REGARD TO CHILDREN

B. THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT IN THE DOMESTIC SPHERE

C. THE RIGHT OF MINORS TO LIFE AND INTEGRITY

D. EXPLOITATION OF CHILD LABOR

E. SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN

F. POSSIBLE DISAPPEARANCES OF CHILDREN

G. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 

CAP═TULO VI

HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN BRAZIL

A. LEGAL AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

B. FEDERAL INTERVENTION IN REGARD TO INDIGENOUS PEOPLES. FUNAI

C. SOCIOECONOMIC AND CULTURAL RIGHTS OF BRAZIL'S INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

D. THE INDIGENOUS LANDS

E. DIFFICULTIES IN RECOGNITION AND CONSOLIDATION OF THE INDIGENOUS AREAS

F. SITUATION OF THE MACUX═ PEOPLE IN RORAIMA

G. THE YANOMAMI: THE FRAGILITY OF THEIR CULTURE AND CONDITIONS FOR PHYSICAL AND CULTURAL SURVIVAL

H. VIOLENCE AGAINST THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, AND IMPUNITY

J. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 

CHAPTER VII

LAND OWNERSHIP AND THE RIGHTS OF RURAL WORKERS

A. THE RIGHT TO OWN LAND IN BRAZIL

B. THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF RURAL WORKERS

C. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 

CHAPTER VIII

THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF BRAZILIAN WOMEN

A. INTRODUCTION

B. THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN BRAZIL AND THE PROBLEM OF DISCRIMINATION

C. BRAZILIAN WOMEN AND WORK

D. THE RIGHT OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION, AND PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING AND PUBLIC LIFE

E. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

F. CONCLUSIONS

G. RECOMMENDATIONS

 

CHAPTER IX

RACIAL DISCRIMINATION

A. PRESENT SITUATION

B. GUARANTEES AGAINST RACIAL DISCRIMINATION IN BRAZILIAN LEGISLATION

C. RECOMMENDATIONS

 

CHAPTER X

HUMAN RIGHTS OF DISABLED PERSONS

 

CHAPTER XI

FINAL CONCLUSIONS AND GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS