ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
RIGHT TO PERSONAL SECURITY AND HUMANE TREATMENT /
this chapter the Commission looks at two aspects relating to the observance of
human rights in Colombia. One is
the prison system and the other relates to unlawful treatment and torture.
basic legal structure recognized the guarantee of the right to personal security
and humane treatment. Article 23 of
the Constitution, mentioned in an earlier chapter, states, “No one may be
molested in his person or family, imprisoned or arrested or detained.. except by
virtue of a warrant issued by competent authority, with all legal formalities
and for cause previously defined by law.”
penal code that went into effect on January 29, 1981, contains specific rules on
this right. Some of these rules
were not included in the proceeding procedural law.
In this sense, for “crimes against personal security,”
regulated in the third chapter of Title X of that code, it provides,
“any person who subjects another to physical or mental torture shall be liable
to imprisonment of one (1) to three (3) years, provided that the act does not
constitute a crime punishable by longer sentences.” /
According to the same criminal code, the existing major punishments are
imprisonment, confinement and fine. Imprisonment
and confinement consisted of “deprivation of personal liberty, to be carried
out in the places and in the manner provided for by law.”
present criminal legislation covers personal injury in matters pertaining to
crimes against personal integrity and regulates the punishment of those who
inflict injury to the body of another person or to their health. /
the Code of Military Criminal Justice regulates crimes against personal
security. It specifies personal
injury as well as the punishments that are given to military personnel who, in
their service or as a result of it or of the functions inherent in their
position and without the intention of causing death, inflict upon another person
bodily injury or injury to health or mental disturbance. /
the on-site investigation, the Commission was interested in determining
objectively the situation regarding the prison system and unlawful punishment
and torture. To that end, it
visited several prisons and detention centers in different parts of the country.
It spoke with the prisoners and accepted claims referring to the right of
personal security and humane treatment.
an interview held on April 21, 1980, the President of the Republic told the
Commission that the situation of prison establishments in Colombia could not be
considered comfortable. It is one
of over-crowding, especially in the provincial facilities.
This situation is attributable to both the population increase and to
budget limitations. He added that
as a result of the Constitutional Reform of 1979, a substantial investment would
be included in the national budget for improving prison facilities.
In addition, President Turbay Ayala told the Commission that he could not
rule out the possibility that lower authorities had violated human rights, a
situation, which the government flatly refused to allow.
He also said that claims of human rights abuses had been investigated
fully by the office of the Procurator-General of the nation in order to
determine who was responsible for such deeds.
prison system is regulated by Decree No. 1817 of 1964.
The Minister of Justice of Colombia stated to the Commission that on the
basis of Article 62 of the Constitutional Reform of 1979, a large part of public
funds will be invested in the construction of new prison establishments and in
modernizing existing facilities. /
He also stated that the Colombian prison population will decrease in
upcoming months when Law No. 22 of September 17, 1980, goes into effect.
This law issued regulations designed to secure prompt and effective
administration of justice. Other
laws in this area have been passed for the development of the foregoing law,
known as the judicial Emergency Law. The
Minister of justice explained that Colombia¢s
courts have approximately three million cases on their dockets.
Of these, 60% are criminal proceedings.
Implementation of law No. 22 law will create 884 new magistrate and
assistant and associate judge positions. These
persons will be in charge of issuing warrants and sentences under the
responsibility of the heads of the judicial branch.
The officer stated that the law provides that the accused person shall
regain his freedom if a hearing decreed by an order to proceed is not carried
out within a year. The fact is that
many people have been detained without their legal situation having been defined
and the new procedures will help to alleviate overcrowded conditions in jails.
Furthermore, the Minister of Justice stated that current imprisonment
rules dating from 1964 would be amended or replaced by new rules.
The draft of this law should be submitted to the Congress of the Republic
for approval in committee composed of four magistrates who will develop a new
national police code and new rules on the prison system.
No. 1817 of 1964, which reforms the prison code of 1935 and makes additions to
it, and which constitutes the current legal structure for this area, regulates
the establishment, organization, management, administration, budget and
supervision of the penitentiaries, national agricultural colonies, jails in the
seats of judicial districts and jails in cities where there is a Superior court,
under the control of the Ministry of Justice. It provides that the prison service is to be divided into the
following centers: a) rural and urban penitentiaries; b) district jails; c)
municipal jails; d) military jails; e) agricultural, industrial and combination
colonies; f) women¢s
jails; g) criminal tuberculosis sanitariums; h) asylums for the criminally
insane; I) psychiatric wards; and j) institutions for protection of recently
The decree also established that all detained or sentenced persons would
be provided lodging, food and bed, payable by the state or the municipalities,
when appropriate. They will also be given education and work opportunities
consistent with their human dignity and sentenced persons will also be entitled
to clothing and footwear. The
dormitories or cells should have conditions necessary for cleanliness, hygiene,
air, light and space, according to the prescriptions set forth or determined by
the respective medical personnel. All
sentenced or detained persons must have at least four cubic meters of air space
in their dormitories. All the
prison establishments must have outside yards or additional land, with proper
security, where the detained or sentenced persons can enjoy movement and
exercise necessary to their health or repose.
Finally, daily food is obligatory for all detained or sentenced persons.
In accordance with the decree regulating the prison system, for as long
as the adaptations and reforms of the detention facilities are being carried out
and the sentences being fulfilled, the rules in effect for the prisoners are
determined in accordance with the crimes discussed in the criminal code. /
to a document issued by the General Prisons Office, which was turned over to the
Commission in January 1981, by the Ministry of justice, Colombia¢s
prison system is based on the following concepts:
Includes all matters relating to instruction, literacy training, and
spiritual and psychological counseling.
The foundation of the organization of the community in which the
prisoners must abide by certain rules for internal order.
the government is concerned with the overall health of prisoners since it
believes that health is the foundation of rehabilitation.
Good health predisposes the prisoner to work, study and accept the rules
and regulations as one phase of rehabilitation treatment.
progressive system is used, ending with preparations for liberty and preparatory
privileges which is the immediate preparation for freedom.
is a home for former prisoners, which helps those gaining their freedom to
obtain work, clothing and fare to return to their place of origin, if necessary.
They may remain at this former prisoner¢s
home for up to 15 days with good lodging and food.
The same document points out that, Colombia¢s
jails have 33,957 prisoners counting both sentences and detained persons.
The National Prisons Office controls 188 detention and sentence
establishments in the country, distributed as follows: ten jails for women;
seven penitentiaries; 22 circuit court jails; one jail for military personnel
located in Tolemaida; one jail for police officers located in Twelfth Police
Station; one agricultural penal colony located in Acacias and one prison in
Gorgona. Long sentences are served
at the penitentiaries. Shorter
sentences are served in the jails. Those
accused of the crime or rebellion are kept in penitentiaries and judicial
As concerns the budget financing proposal for Colombia¢s
penitentiary system, the aforementioned document provides the following data:
BUDGET FINANCING FOR THE PENITENTIARY SYSTEM OF COLOMBIA
equipment and repair of jails
for farms and jail workshops
of administrative personnel of jail
of guard and security personnel
Counseling for prisoners
jail at Medellín
Administration and Penitentiary system
Prisoner food expenses
Jails and other Detention Centers
During its on-site investigation the Commission visited several jails and
military centers in Colombia. It
conducted personal inspections of these facilities in order to develop an
objective idea of the conditions in Colombia¢s
The centers that make up Colombia¢s
prison systems are for holding persons sentenced for common crimes but they are
also used for person¢s
accused of subversive activities by the government.
visits to these centers included looks at the cellblocks for different types of
prisoners, and, in general terms, a view of the structure and operation of the
centers. During these visits, the
Commission exchanged ideas with the authorities of the centers and also spoke
with some prisoners. During the visits the members explained the Commission¢s
objective in Colombia.
a result of its visits to these centers, the Commission also took special
initiatives regarding the health of several prisoners held at different jails in
the country. It sent letters to the Colombian government requesting the
necessary medical care for each case in communications dated April 2 and May 2
of 1980. On July 28, 1980, the
commission received note No. 01446 from the Colombian government, through the
Ministry of foreign Affairs. This
note states, “According to
information form Col. Adolfo Leon Gómez Isaza, the Director General of Prisons,
medical care was given opportunely to the Director General of Prisons, medical
care was given opportunely to the personas referred to in the communications of
April 29 and May 2, 1980.”
evaluation of the detention establishments it visited follows:
La Picota Central Penitentiary in Bogotá
This is a jail for men located in the city of Bogotá.
The facility, of old construction and traditional style, is isolated and
well protected. The penitentiary
houses prisoners who were important leaders of the M-19.
This jail has a considerable criminal population.
It is a large facility and the prisoners there are rather well taken care
of, despite the limitations noted. It
is surrounded by high walls and its inside yard is usable for recreation.
The Commission toured the entire establishment.
It interviewed authorities of the prison that provided it with full
facilities for this purpose. Interviews
with several prisoners revealed no complaints about the conditions of the
establishment, the food or the treatment they received.
In general, however, prisoners who were not common criminals made
reference to being mistreated and tortured while being investigated by not at
the detention center itself.
La Picota jail has a rather large chapel, which in recent months has been
used for the oral courts-martial-martial of persons accused of being members of
the M-19, a nursing center which provides medical care and a punishment yard
used for individual treatment of prisoners given special disciplinary
The cells are small in size but each prisoner has his own unit containing
a bed, desk and seat. Prisoners are
allowed to have books, magazines, radios, and other personal articles in their
own cells. They do not wear
prisoner uniforms but whatever clothing they desire.
It can be said that the guard’s regular visits from their families and
their defense attorneys.
Prison in Bogotá
This is a penitentiary center located in the city of Bogotá.
The Commission was received by its director who, in offering his
cooperation, stated that the center is a district jail with a very high criminal
population which exceeds its capacity. The
jail houses both common criminals and others detained on the order of the
Military Institutes Brigade. He
also said that the rear part of this facility had been dynamited, resulting in
the escape of several prisoners, and that it is a detention center for men.
The Commission was told that the prison was originally designed to hold
approximately 2, 000 prisoners. At
this time, however, it housed more than 4,000.
The criminal population is fluctuating.
With respect to those accused of subversive activities, the center
director stated that they are divided essentially into two groups.
The Commission went through the establishment and inspected its five
yards. It met with a certain number
of prisoners in each of these yards. Several
prisoners complained of the poor conditions in the prison, poor food and
insufficient medical care. Most of
the prisoners under the military criminal justice system are accused of
belonging to the FARC and are being tried at his time by the appropriate oral
court-martial. Most of the
prisoners interviewed told the Commission that they had been mistreated and
tortured during their investigations and interrogations but not at the penal
center itself. Some of them showed
the marks of the mistreatment they received.
Furthermore, the Commission noted the existence of an area of special
cellblock for minors, age 16 to 18, in which there were no individual cells.
There is a large room, which serves as a common dormitory, and next to it
are sanitary services and showers. This
center also has a cafeteria run by a social worker and a nutritionist.
It has individual rooms where the minors attend classes.
The facility has six teachers for primary education.
The prisoners do not wear any type of uniform.
The cells are small and the prisoners are allowed to have personal
objects in them. They are allowed
regular visits from family members and defense attorneys.
Buen Pastor Jail in Bogotá
This detention center for women is located in Bogotá.
The Commission was attended by the Assistant Minister of Justice who
offered his full cooperation and facilities for the fulfillment of the
Commission’s objective. Also
present were the director, the assistant director, the legal consul and two
social corkers of this prison. The
director stated that the jail was exclusively for women and that at that time id
had 417 women prisoners and 20 women sentenced for subversion.
The director also noted that the prisoners received uniform treatment, no
matter if their crimes were common crimes or crimes against the security of the
The visitors system is regulated by a set of rules, but visits of defense
attorney are regulated by specific instructions of judge.
The reason for this measure, it was explained, is that on several
occasions’ attorneys who were not the actual attorneys appointed by the
prisoners have sought entry.
The rules also allow for conjugal visits and special treatment of
pregnant prisoners. The latter are
allowed to leave the jail to have their children, although, according to several
prisoners, this has not always been carried out.
Several prisoners have had their children in jail.
Close to the jail is a small school for the prisoner’s children.
The Commission was also told that the prisoners are classified according
to a procedure, which consists, first of all, of gathering biographical data
about them after which they are divided by type of crime committed.
After this, they are assigned to the corresponding cellblock.
The Buen Pastor jail consists of large installations in a relatively new
structure. It has large yards and
long corridors, with cellblocks on the sides.
In addition, there is a special cellblock for psychiatric treatment.
The cellblocks interconnect with a center block and the cells, although
individual in design, hold two persons each.
Only a few prisoners were being held for subversion at the time of the
Commission’s visit. They stated that they had been subjected to mistreatment and
torture during their interrogations but not at their present place of detention.
jail in Medellín
This is a jail for men located in the city of Medellín, in a part of the
city somewhat removed from the downtown area.
This is a rather large installation and two additions scheduled for
completion in 1981 are now being built.
The penitentiary center is overcrowded.
It has more than 5,000 prisoners although its capacity is much smaller. At the jail entrance is a blackboard showing the number of
prisoners in the different cellblocks. Prisoners
sentenced for common crimes and those accused of crimes of subversion are mixed
due to the overcrowding at the jail. According
to the rules, prisoners should be separated by type of crime committed.
The penitentiary has workshops for carpentry, metal-working,
furniture-making, shoe repair, metal-casting, mechanics and electricity.
It also has a chapel, a medial center and a large number of cells, all of
which were seen by the Commission. During
the tour, jail authorities gave explanations of the facilities to the
The Commission was told that the number of prisoners entering the jail
fluctuates daily and that the number of prisoners who have not committed common
crimes is approximately 300.
The Commission was welcomed by the director of the jail, and his legal
advisors. All of these individuals
are civilians. These authorities
gave their full cooperation to the Commission during the visit.
The Commission met privately with a certain number of prisoners in the
jail chapel. They were folds that
despite the overcrowding, the prisoner’s conditions were rather acceptable.
None of the prisoners complained of mistreatment in the penal center
itself or of poor food or extremely rigid discipline.
They said that the jail¢s
authorities behaved correctly. However,
most of the prisoners being held for subversive activity stated that they had
been tortured during their investigations and interrogations.
e) Villanueva jail in Cali
This jail for men is located in the city of Cali.
The Commission visited it and met with several of the prisoners, after
having spoken first with jail authorities.
The director, who has taken studies in penal matters and criminology and
has experience in this field, gave full explanations and the criminology and has
experience in this field, gave full explanations and the Commission could see
that he knew each of the prisoners well. It
also saw that there was a climate of mutual trust.
The prisoners praised the conduct of the director of this penal center.
As stated before, the Commission met with several prisoners.
Those who were being held as suspects in subversive activities told the
Commission that, in general, during the interrogation following their arrest,
they were mistreated and tortured, but not at the jail.
They stated that they were satisfied with the system followed by the
The Villanueva jail consists of rather old installations which, despite
their size, are obviously overcrowded. A
special program for those sentenced for common crimes allow them to work outside
of the jail and they are able to help their families. They return to the
detention center at night.
jails in Bucaramanga
This jail center is located in the city of Bucaramanga, within the limits
of the city itself. The Commission
was received by the director, who gave explanations about the center and
answered all question addressed to him,
The director stated that the jail had more prisoners than it was designed
for, that most of the prisoners were common criminals and that the others were
there for subversive activities.
The construction of the jail is old and not very large.
The Commission saw a relatively small yard where the prisoners stay
during the morning hours until the afternoon, engaging in conversation, study or
other activities without interruption.
The Commission met with a large number of prisoner’s accused of crimes
of subversion in the prison chapel. They
stated that since their arrival at the jail, they had been treated satisfactory.
They also stated that in the prior stage of interrogation, they had been
mistreated and tortured, but not at the jail itself. The cells are small and the ones that the Commission saw open
to the aforementioned yard. Most of
the prisoners that the Commission saw were in the yard while others were in
their cells, which were left open.
Buen Pastor jail in Bucaramanga
This is a
correctional facility for women located in the city of Bucaramanga.
Its installations are rather large and of old construction, with bedrooms
that are used as cells. It was
visited by the Commission whose members spoke to the nuns who are in charge of
the jail, as well as a large number of prisoners, all whom were there for
The Commission inspected a large room where the prisoner’s children are
kept. Their mothers are with them
during the day.
The prisoners interviewed by the Commission stated that during their
investigations and interrogations following their arrest, they were mistreated
and tortured by that was not the case at the jail itself.
They added that, generally speaking, they received satisfactory treatment
there. However, they stated that at certain times, they are not
allowed to do certain things such as listen to the radio or read newspapers.
The prisoners are taken care of, by nuns belonging to the Sisters of the
Presentation Order. This Order is
responsible for the detention center. They
help the prisoners in different activities, among them, washing and ironing of
clothing class room, a sewing room to make clothing for small children and a
classroom for primary education.
Most of the prisoners are there for having committed common crimes,
primarily theft and murder. The
Commission inspected two cells for those being held incommunicado where,
it was said, prisoners are kept before going to interrogation.
The purpose of this is to keep them from mixing with others held for
prior processing. The Commission
also saw a punishment cell which was extremely small.
It had an iron door, no window and was extremely dark.
The commission saw that this jail had very good sanitary conditions and
was kept clean. It has large yards and gardens, which are the recreation
areas for the prisoners. There is
an atmosphere for trust and respect between the prisoners and the nuns.
During its on-site investigation and after it, the Commission visited
several military centers, all located in Bogotá.
Some of these centers were used for provisional detention.
A summary appraisal of these centers follows:
i) Artillery School
This center is
located in the capital city of Colombia, approximately two miles from the La
Picota prison. The artillery School is a provisional detention center for
women. When it was visited by the Commission, 16 women prisoners were being held
there accused of crimes against state security.
They are waiting to be tried by the oral court-marital in Bogotá.
Several of the prisoners were brought there from other jails in Colombia.
This detention place consists of a large room, which is used as a
dormitory, allowing no privacy, Next to this room is a bathroom with two
sanitary services a shower. Visits
from family members and attorney are allowed every eight days, on a schedule of
9:00 a.m. to 12 noon. Officials of
the commission met privately in the cafeteria with several prisoners who stated
that after their arrest they ere hit and then tortured.
This is a
military center located on the outskirts of Bogotá where prisoners accused of
subversive activity is kept temporarily for purposes of interrogation during the
investigation stage. The
installations are rather large, with small green areas located in different
parts. It has an area of
administrative offices, prisoner records and control area, and numerous cells
located next to each other in cellblocks on a single floor which open to the
yards. The cells are individual and
the prisoners are kept in them with the doors closed.
They are kept under permanent guard.
The facility also has a water trough area, multifamily buildings for
facility officers a shed and a garden.
This is a
modern building with strictly military-type installations.
It has offices for executive and administrative functions and no
detention facilities. It is across
a street from the Cavalry School.
This is a
large, well-protected military center with spacious buildings and large yards.
In 1978 it was a provisional detention center.
This place was the location of the oral court-martial of person’s
accused of belonging to the FARC.
D. Mistreatment and Torture
In late 1978 and during the first few months of 1979, the Commission
received several claims relating to mistreatment and different types of torture
by Colombian public agents.
stated processing these charges by remitting to the government the pertinent
parts of them, in accordance with its regulations. The purpose of this was to
establish objectively the veracity of the charges.
During its on-site investigation, the Commission received testimony
relating to the charges contained in the individual written claims, which ere
given to it at that time, and in its interviews with prisoners being held in
different jails of the country, with their defense attorneys and with human
rights organizations which turned over several documents on this matter to the
Commission. In general, the charges
state that the physical mistreatment and the torture were carried out at
temporary detention places or centers during the interrogation stage of the
The charges received and analyzed by the Commission mention the following
detention places or centers where the mistreatment and torture were carried out:
Nueva Granada Batallion of Barrancabermeja;
Pichincha Batallion in Cali;
Inocencio Chinca School of Popayán;
Fifth Brigade of Bucaramanga;
Cavalry School in Bogotá
Military Institutes Brigade;
Rook Batallion of Ibaqué;
Bolívar Batallion in Tunja, Boyacá;
Cisneros Batallion of Armenia;
Codazzi Batallion of Palmira;
Tarqui Batallion, Sogamoso, Boyacá;
La Raya camp in Antioquia;
Polvorines camp in Rio Meléndez;
San Mateo Batallion;
Military Police Batallion No. 4, Fourth Brigade in Medellín;
Administrative Security Department (DAS);
San Isidro Penitentiary in Popayán;
Batallion No. 1 of the Military Police of Bogotá;
National Penitentiary at Palmira;
Military Post of Yacopí;
La Palma Police Station in Bucaramanga;
Cimitarra Military Station;
Bucaramanga Military Station;
La Victoria Military Station in Boyacá;
Military Police Batallion H-1 of Puente Aranda in Bogotá. /
The charges mention the following among the different forms and methods
of torture: Long waits in the sun during the day and sleeping outside at night;
drowning and submerging in water; application of the “submarine”; being
blindfolded up to 12, 17 and 20 days; being blindfolded and tied for 47 days in
Cimitarra; subjection to blows on different parts of the body with sticks and
being kicked; being prevented from sleeping up to eight days and lack of rest;
death threats to the prisoner, his family and friends, hanging by the hands; no
water or food up to four, seven and eight days; pretending to shoot them in the
head; being handcuffed; torture of other persons close to the cell so that their
screams could be heard; being held incommunicado; application of
electrical energy and shocks to different parts of the body; exercises until
exhausted; being kept nude and standing; provocation of suffocation; “being
washed”, walking on the knees; psychological torture; ducking in a lake while
tied; cigarette burns; taking prisoners during raids and using them as shields
while being handcuffed and blindfolded; pretending to shoot at persons hanging
from trees; placement of weapons in the mouth; braking of nerves as a
consequence of hangings; being kept nude and ducked in a river; refusal of
medial care for pregnancy; breaking of ribs; being tied, blindfolded,
permanently at times, hit with a stick, being kicked; wounded in the back by a
firearm, at the detention place; threats of bringing family members to torture
them in their presence; witnessing torture of other persons; convincing them
that other accused persons had pointed the finger at them as participants in the
same events; beings pricked with needless indifferent
parts of the body; continuous interrogation and confessions forcing them to say
that they had participated in an attack.
Article 5 of the American
Convention on Human Rights reads as follows:
“1. Every person has the
right to have his physical, mental, and moral integrity respected.
2. No one shall be
subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degradation punishment or
treatment. All persons deprived
of their liberty shall be treated with respect for the inherent dignity of the
human person. 3. Punishment shall
not be extended to any person other than the criminal.
4. Accused persons shall,
save in exceptional circumstances, be segregated from convicted persons, and
shall be subject to separate treatment appropriate to their status as
unconvicted persons, and shall be subject to separate treatment appropriate to
their status as unconvicted persons. 5.
Minors whole subject to criminal proceedings shall be separated from
adults and brought before specialized tribunals, as speedily as possible, so
that they may e treated in accordance with their status as minors.
6. Punishments consisting
of deprivation of liberty shall have as essential aims the reform and social
readaptation of the prisoners.
Under the previous criminal code, before acts of torture could be
punished, it was necessary that the acts be included as part of other crimes
such as the abuse of authority or the crime of personal injury.
Article 41, 45 and 331 to
Articles 193 and 202 to 211
of the Military Criminal Justice code.
Article 62 of the
constitutional reform contained in legislative Act. No. 1 of 1979, reads as
follows: “From January 1, 1981 on, the national Government shall invest no
less than 10% of the general expenses budget in the judicial branch and in the
1,2,3,5,14,15,16,17 and 25. Decree
No. 1817 of 1964 has the following tittles: First title on provisions common
to all detention establishments, sentences and security measures; second title
on penitentiary personnel; third title on training, preparation of personnel,
professional career and disciplinary system, fourth title on internal rules;
fifth title on detained persons; sixth tittle on system for sentenced persons;
seventh title on agricultural an d penal colonies; eight title on social
assistance in jail; and ninth title on organization and regular personnel of
the division of prisons and its dependent offices. Jails in Colombia are under the supervision and control of
the National Prisons Office, part of the Ministry of Justice.
On the basis of Decree 1917 of 1964, several decrees, resolutions and
regulatory laws have been passed in this area.
Among them are decree No. 1522 of 1966, the organic statute of the
national Penitentiary School; Resolution No. 0003 of January 3, 1967, on rules
regarding escapes; Resolution No. 0010 of January 31, 1967, on special funds
for expenses of education and provisions for the consumption of the confined
population and establishment of purchasing boards; Law 40 of 1968 on reduction
of sentence; Law 32 of 1971 on reduction of sentence for work and study;
Resolution No. 0038 of July 10, 1972, on grants of special permits to
prisoners; Resolution No. 245 of July 10, 1973, on administration of personnel
and supervision of the General Prison Office;
Decree No. 25537 of December 11, 1973, on the operation of
reorganization of the penitentiary career.
Note No. 0063 to the
Secretary General of the Ministry of Justice from the Technical Assistant of
the National Prisons Office, dated January 15, 1981.
The amounts included in the budget proposal for Colombia¢
s prison systems are in Colombian pesos, equivalent to approximately
fifty pesos per dollar.
Charges’ relating to
cases Nos. 7348 for the M-19 and 7375 involving the FARC.