RESOLUTION Nº 20/83
July 1, 1983
1. On July 1, 1983
the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights adopted Resolution 12/83
which resolved that the Government of Nicaragua had violated Articles 4
(Right to Life), 7 (Right to Personal Liberty), and 8 (Judicial
Guarantees) of the American Convention on Human Rights in that it was
responsible for the illegal executions of detained persons in the prison
known as "La Pólvora" in the City of Granada. The pertinent
parts of the background of the Resolution indicate that:
Before and during its visit to Nicaragua in October of 1980, the
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights received complaints on alleged
illegal and secret executions of persons in detention in the
"Heroes and Martyrs of New Guinea" Jail, known as "La Pólvora";
a Granada garrison during the last days of July 1979. The information
received alleged that an undetermined number of prisoners were taken out
of the Jail at night to an outside location, executed and buried in
common graves. Commander Marvin González Ruiz, who went by the alias
"Wilmer", was in charge of the Jail and allegedly gave the
order to carry out the executions. These places were inspected by the
inmate's relatives, representatives of the Nicaraguan Permanent
Commission on Human Rights and legal authorities from the city of
example, some of the communications received by the Inter-American
Commission on Human Rights include the following:
4566: Dr. César Rivas Guillén
Commission received the following complaint with respect to the
disappearance of the Granadian gynecologist, Dr. César Rivas. This, the
first of several communications relating to the events taking place in
"La Pólvora", was received in October 1979:
on July 22, 1979, César Rivas Guillén, adult, married, a doctor
residing in Granada, was captured in that city by a group of militiamen
serving at the Granada Command "La Pólvora."
was accused of belonging to the organization called "Mano
Blanca"; he remained in the jails of Granada for approximately
seven days, where he was visited and taken food; however, on the 29th we
realized that he was staying there because he sent us a piece of paper;
since that date we have had no knowledge of his whereabouts although a
"Comrade" said that he had been moved to Managua at midnight.
We learned that on that morning several guards in those jails had been
executed. After these events, the heads of the Granada Command were
replaced and are now imprisoned and under investigation.
in light of the events, I fear for his physical safety since I know
nothing of his whereabouts. Because of this uncertainty I have taken the
case to Commanders Hugo Torres and Walter Ferreti, who have full
knowledge of the case and have not given an answer even though they have
known of this matter for a month. I have also informed the Ambassador
from Spain of this case, since Guillén's wife is of Spanish
must add that I have reason to believe that his arrest was due to
ill-intentioned accusations by unscrupulous persons who because of
personal quarrels or out of jealousy have always tried to cause him
harm. This is obvious because, upon his arrest, his work colleagues
proceeded to seize his medical equipment and personally urged him (when
he was at "La Pólvora") to confess that he belonged to
"Mano Blanca", a false accusation since he was not found
guilty of anything. Still, they do not say where he is.
second complaint received by the Inter-American Commission on Human
Rights relating to the events at "La Pólvora" referred to the
case of Dr. Francisco Mayorga Ramírez, a lawyer. In a communication
dated October 17, 1979, the following account was furnished to the
7057: Dr. Francisco Mayorga Ramírez
Sunday July 22, 1979, Francisco Mayorga Ramírez, 42 years of age, a
lawyer residing in Granada, was notified that he would report to the
Granada Military Police. At approximately 1:00 p.m. he reported to the
Granada Military Police office where he as detained. Afterwards, he was
transferred to the Command called "La Polvora", where he
remained in detention until the 26th of the same month when he was set
free and given a safe-conduct.
Francisco returned to his house after being held, he said that the
charges made were that he had been a judge in criminal and civil
matters; that was approximately ten years ago.
July 28, 1979, he was at a house located thirty yards from Granada's
Criminal District Court on Real Street, attending a lawyers meeting to
organize a visit to Granada's Military Staff and to the local Government
Junta to request a determination on the limits within which they could
practice their profession.
members of the Sandinista People's Army showed up at the meeting and
proceeded to arrest Francisco again, ignoring the safe-conduct he was
carrying and taking him to the "La Pólvora" Jail.
next day, Sunday July 29, when a relative went to the "La Pólvora"
Command to take Francisco his breakfast, the person in charge of
distributing the food on that day said that he had been transferred to
a tragic outcome I met with some friends who told me not to worry, that
they would to go "La Plvora" to find out the whereabouts of
Francisco. At that Command they were met by the military head of the
same, Marvin González Ruíz, known as "Wilmer", who informed
them that Francisco "has been transferred to the International Red
Cross and that if they wanted to see him they should hurry because on
that same Sunday he was being transferred to Guatemala."
learning that, I immediately went to Managua where I realized that I had
been deceived, because the International Red Cross was closed and a
member of that institution informed me that no prisoner had been taken
there for that purpose.
that same day, July 29, at approximately 5:00 p.m., several persons who
looked like peasants and whom I did not know came to the house and
stated that they knew Francisco and that they had seen his body in the
fields of the Santa Ana Ranch, located on Los Malacos Road. These
persons also stated that there were some fifty (50) more bodies at that
place and that they had their hands tied behind their backs.
have been made through different individuals and institutions in order
to exhume Francisco's body and give it a Christian burial, but until
now, it has been impossible for me to do so.
is for all these reasons that the death of Dr. Francisco Mayorga Ramírez
is denounced. To this date, no motive for his death is known since none
of the authorities have claimed responsibility for his death; although
it is true that by family tradition he belonged to the Liberal Party, he
never harmed anyone and, on the contrary, he was very much liked by all
those who knew him. Besides, there is no knowledge that the death
penalty exists in Nicaragua.
request that Francisco's body be exhumed in order that, in keeping with
our religious beliefs, it be given a Christian burial in a place
appropriate for that purpose.
time later, the Commission received the following information from the
Permanent Commission on Human Rights of Nicaragua:
Tuesday, October 3, 1979, at the request of Mrs. Marlene Taleno de
Mayorga, we conducted the first inspection of the site called la Montañita
de San Ana. It is a mountainous terrain located on the road to Los
Malacos, some four kilometers northeast of the city of Granada.
thirty meters after crossing the barbed wire we noticed tracks made by a
heavy vehicle. They were tracks made by a bulldozer which had been
operating at the site digging a ditch of considerable size.
little further on we found a depression approximately six meters long an
three meters wide. At ground level, there was a skull, bones and shoes.
The ground was soft in the whole surrounding area.
Mrs. Marlene's insistence, who claimed that the body of her husband, Dr.
Francisco Mayorga Ramírez, had been seen on top of a pile of bodies, we
dug up the ground a bit.
was enough to go in two or three centimeters; immediately, worms and
decomposed human remains appeared. Mrs. Marlene recognized her husband's
proceeded to cover the human remains and we went to the city of Granada
where we talked with relatives of the other victims who had gone to the
site of the massacre alerted by the peasants of the area and who had
even seen when some of the piled up bodies were consumed by flames since
diesel had been poured over them. Witnesses claim that some of the
bodies had their hands tied behind their backs.
Mayorga tried to obtain the exhumation of her husband's body in order to
give it a Christian burial. In search of a legal solution the case, she
brought the matter to the attention of Judge Agustín Cruz.
October 9, Mrs. Marlene Taleno de Mayorga presented a brief to Dr. Agustín
Cruz Pérez, Judge of Granada's Criminal Court, denouncing the death of
her husband and requesting that his body be exhumed.
Saturday, October 13, Judge Cruz Pérez accompanied by his secretary,
conducted the visual inspection requested, drawing up the appropriate
document. The judge, in addition to verifying what the officials from
the Permanent Commission on Human Rights had seen in their first
inspection, made a tour of the whole site identifying at least two other
places where there were human bones scattered at ground level, shoes and
pieces of clothing. Several deep holes were also found which would seem
to indicate that relatives of the victims had been digging up the bodies
of their kin under the cover of darkness.
a petition presented to the same Judge of Granada's Criminal Court, Dr.
Agustín Cruz Pérez, Mrs. Marlene Taleno de Mayorga insisted on her
request to exhume her husband's remains and, in addition, charged that
some of the persons responsible for the denounced acts were trying to
flee the country to evade justice.
Court issued the following decision with respect to Mrs. Mayorga's
November 2, 1979, at 10:05 A.M.
ARE NO GROUNDS FOR THE EXHUMATION REQUESTED BY MRS. MARLENE TALENO DE
MAYORGA IN VIEW OF THE FACT THAT THE REQUIREMENTS ESTABLISHED IN ARTICLE
68 HAVE NOT BEEN SATISFIED. LET NOTIFICATION BE MADE.
a communication dated October 17, 1979, the execution of Roger Alfonso
González Ibarra, 29 years old, a chauffer with the rank of sergeant in
the National Guard, was denounced. The complainant described the
7056: Roger Alfonso González Ibarra
Alfonso González Ibarra, adult, former member of the military, was
captured in Malacatoya, jurisdiction of Granada, on July 19, 1979. He
remained in detention at the Jail for Women of that city for another
July 23, he was transferred to "La Poólvora" where the
Commander was "Wilmer", whose name is Marvin González, who
allowed me to talk to Roger on July 26, at six p.m. Roger said that if I
did not find him there the next day, to stop looking for him.
was totally surprised to learn that he had been taken out of the
"La Pólvora" Jail at midnight on the 27th, together with 50
other people, that they were executed without orders, without and
investigation and with no respect for human life. Enclosed is a
photocopy of the death certificate and you can be assured that the Staff
of the City of Granada is aware of such facts.
is requested that an exhumation order be granted with the purpose of
giving a Christian burial since his body is located on the road to Los
Malacos, in the outskirts of Granada and I can point out the exact
location where he can be found.
time later, the complainant submitted the following additional
July 26, I was able to meet with him at the jail, where I went after
reading a message that he had sent me that morning, and which read as
follows: "...that I immediately speak with the Criminal Judge of
Granada, Agustín Cruz Pérez, because on the previous night some twenty
persons had been taken out tied up and that he was told that they were
going to send him to Panama and in parentheses he added...or is it a
disguise to kill me? ...and rush to speak with the above mentioned
official to intercede on his behalf." When I went with the Criminal
Judge from that locality in the afternoon they only let me in (...); we
talked with him and he told us that if we did not find him the next day,
to stop looking for him. The next day I went to the jail to take him his
breakfast and clothes and the guerrillas, Commander "Wilmer"
among them, returned them to me and told me that they had transferred
him to Managua without mentioning the place where they had taken him.
therefore resort to this Commission in order that, through it, his
whereabouts be determined in some way...
the other hand, the September 13, 1979, issue of "La Prensa"
reports that Commander "Wilmer" is under arrest at "La Pólvora"
Granada, but it does not give any other information as to the reason for
communication dated October 17, 1979, denounced the execution of
Exequiel Zavala Jiménez:
7064: Exequiel Zavala Jiménez
Zavala Jiménez, married, a businessman from Granada, was arrested for
the third time on July 22, 1979. He was arrested by a group of
militiamen accompanied by Comrade "Marcel" and was taken to
"La Pólvora." When I asked these gentlemen to show me some
identification, they told me that they belonged to the Sandinista
Military Police whose officer in charge was Commander
should point out that he had been arrested on two previous occasions,
supposedly because he was a friend of the guard called "Gato
Colindres." However, he had been set free after being found
innocent of the charges against him.
with this last arrest, he remained at the "La Pólvora" Jail
for five days where he was personally questioned by Commander
"Wilmer." On Thursday July 26, we were told that he was going
to be set free and that they had not already done so because there was
no one to write the memorandum.
so it was that the next day I went to the Command and they told me that
he was no longer there, that he had been taken to the Bunker, in
Managua. From that date on, we have looked for him without rest in all
the jails; we entered a complaint with the Complaints Office of the
Ministry of the Interior with the purpose of enlisting their assistance
in locating Exequiel.
on Thursday, October 11, 1979, an official at the Interior Ministry told
me that he had heard that Exequiel had been shot and that, since several
inmates had been executed, the Commanders of Granada had been arrested
and discharged from the army; that there were only two or three innocent
persons among those executed and that he could not lie to the relatives
because he did not want them to go into any expenses; that several
arbitrary acts had been committed in Granada in those days and that he
could not do anything about it.
to complaints received by the Commission before conducting its on-site
observation in Nicaragua, the Commission also opened the following cases
relating to executions in "La Pólvora":
7063: Gabino Velásquez Meza
July 23, 1979, Gabino Velásquez Meza, adult, former private in the
defunct National Guard, surrendered to the "La Pólvora"
Command in the city of Granada, due to the fact that he had been told
that "the boys" were looking for him. Believing that his
physical safety would be guaranteed he surrendered to the new
authorities accompanied by his wife and children.
so, during the next two days we were able to send him food and he sent
us pieces of paper; thus, we were able to verify that he was there.
However, on the third day of his stay at "La Pólvora" a
militiaman stationed there told us that he had been transferred to the
"Modelo" Jail. This information was confirmed by a Commander
by the name of Lang who was one of the officers in charge of that jail.
since that date, we have looked for Gabino without rest, not only in the
"Modelo" Jail but in other penitentiaries as well, but until
now, that search has been fruitless.
is for the reasons described here that I resort to you so that you may
assist me in determining his whereabouts and whether he is dead or alive
since there are rumors that there were executions in that Command.
7237: Jorge Villalobos Toruño
Villalobos Toruño, 45 years of age, married, a chauffeur, was arrested
on July 26, 1979, in the city of Granada and taken to the "La Pólvora"
from where he disappeared on July 29. According to relatives of the
prisoner, they were told that Commander "Wilmer" supposedly
gave the order that he be executed. However, some time later, other
persons claim to have seen him in the Model Jail and that he was incomunicado.
7315: Gustavo Adolfo Marin Guzmán
July 24, 1979, Gustovo Adolfo Marin Guzmán, an army private, adult, and
residing in Granada, surrendered to FSLN authorities and was confined in
the "La Pólvora" Jail under the charge of Commander Marvin
González Ruiz, known by the alias "Wilmer", who later gave
the order for his execution. Neighbors of the Santa Ana Ranch area, on
the road to Los Malacos, Department of Granada claim to have seen the
body of this gentlemen together with the remains of Dr. Francisco
7318: Luis Martínez Mercado
July 25, 1979, Mr. Luis Martínez Mercado, adult, former member of the
National Guard, was confined in the "La Polvora" jail. He was
later taken to an unknown destination by order of Commander Marvin González
Ruiz, known by the alias "Wilmer", and we were informed that
mass executions were carried out. Nothing is known of his whereabouts.
It is presumed that he has been executed.
7308: Cristóbal Vargas Rocha
Vargas Rocha, 24 years of age, single a former member of the National
Guard residing in Granada, was arrested on Sunday July 24, 1979. The
reasons for his arrest are not known. Through a militiaman who was on
duty at "La Polvora" (Granada jail), it was learned that at
11:00 a.m. on July 26, 1979, some prisoners were taken to a place near
the Lake Granada shore where they dug their own graves.
person in charge of the Command was called "Wilmer", whose
name is Marving González Ruiz, and is directly responsible for these
Commission has received the following information with respect to this
case of Cristóbal Vargas Rocha:
in my desperation, I have investigated and questioned a militiaman,
whose name I cannot reveal, who told me one day as he was on duty at
"La Pólvora," to stop looking for Cristóbal, it was in vain
because on Thursday, July 26, at approximately 11:00 p.m., a truck-load
of prisoners, approximately 50, were taken out of "La Pólvora"
to the Diamonte, a rice field located near the Lake Granada shore, also
known as Asese. They were made to dig gigantic ditches which took almost
two hours and then, at one o'clock in the morning, they proceeded to
execute them and bury them there. This young man told me that he was
able to identify Cristóbal among those executed.
In a written communications of April 24, 1980, May 27, 1980, June
5, 1980, and June 10, 1980, the Commission transmitted the pertinent
parts of the complaints of the "La Pólvora" cases cited.
On May 5, 1980, the Commission received the following response in
reference to the whereabouts of Dr. Rivas Guillén:
are unconfirmed reports that Dr. César Rivas Guillén died on one of
the last days of the war to liberate our homeland, or during the days
immediately after the victory of the Sandinista Revolution, but it has
not been possible to determine the circumstances surrounding his death.
is know, however, that he was held prisoner at "La Polvora"
for seven days, where his brother visited him and took him od. On July
29, 1979, he informed his brother that he was incomunicado. He
has not been seen again since that day.
Information available to the Commission on this case indicate
Criminal Court of Granada, by an order issued at 12:00 a.m. on October
9, 1979, instituted proceedings to investigate the events which took
place at "La Pólvora" by virtue of a complaint registered by
Mrs. Marlene Taleno de Mayorga, wife of Francisco Mayorga Ramíez (Case
7057), one of the persons allegedly executed. These proceedings include
testimony of witnesses, inspection of the places where the bodies were
supposedly buried and the testimony of Marvin González Ruiz, singled
out by the complainant as the person responsible for "La Pólvora."
Later on, on March 18, 1980, the same Court, by virtue of complaints
registered by Mrs. Elia Vargas de Urbina and Mrs. Miriam Cruz Cajina,
instituted proceedings to investigate the deaths of their sons Julio César
Urbina Luis, Amadeo and Hernaldo Cajina.
accordance with the Criminal Code, these two proceedings, which concern
the same events, must be combined and the same Judge has the power to
investigate and punish those responsible for the deaths and any other
connected crimes which the proceedings may reveal, even if they were not
the subject of specific complaint registered with the Court.
In all of the other cases, the Commission has received no
response from the Government of Nicaragua regarding the alleged
In all of these cases the Commission has repeatedly requested
information from the Government of Nicaragua.
2. The IACHR
agreed in its Resolution 12/83, to include this Resolution in the Annual
Report to the General Assembly of the Organization of American States,
in accordance with Article 50 (4) of its Regulations, without prejudice
to the possibility that it reconsider the Resolution upon further study
depending on the measures adopted by the Government of Nicaragua.
3. This Resolution
was communicated to the Government of Nicaragua by way of a note of July
4. The Government
of Nicaragua, by note Nº 171 of September 2, 1983 asked that the
Resolution in question Nº 12/83 be reconsidered stating in its
communication the following:
address you with reference to Resolution number 12/83, the case of
"La Pólvora", approved by the Honorable Inter-American
Commission on Human Rights a its 791st Session celebrated on July 1,
1983, regarding the alleged illegal executions.
a simple reading of the complaint it is apparent that the supposedly
responsible official for the alleged mass execution was Mr. Marvin
the complaint in Case Nº 4566 (Dr. Cesar Rivas Guillén) the
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights itself received a response
from the Government of Nicaragua, in the sense that according to
unconfirmed information, "he had not perished in the final days of
the war of liberation in Nicaragua nor during the first days following
the triumph of the Sandinista Revolution, but rather that it has not
been possible to clarify the exact circumstances in which his death
case Nº 7057 (Dr. Francisco Mayorga Ramírez) and Julio César Urbina,
Luis Amadeo and Hernaldo Cadina, the Judge of the Criminal Court of
Granada, in accordance with the Penal Code, joined these two cases which
arose from the same fact situation.
of the problems in the trial dealing with "La Pólvora" is the
lack of cooperation with the authorities by the persons concerned. For
example, in several cases the trial court did not receive any
the Government of National Reconstruction, in its observations and
comments to the report to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
on the situation of human rights in Nicaragua (OEA/Ser.P/AG/CP/doc
296.81, p.53) of October 14, 1981, stated that "such cases are
under judicial investigation and for that reason internal judicial
remedies have yet to be exhausted.
on May 18, 1981 the Supreme Court of Justice instructed the District
Judge of Granada to continue the investigation of the case.
March 7, 1983, Dr. Augustin Cruz Pérez, Judge of the Criminal District
after taken the testimony from the witnesses:
Leovigildo Lopez Fitoria, Bishop of the Catholic Grey of Granada,
Guillermo Alejandro Ibarra Salgado, Victor Manuel Ordoñez, Manuel
Salvador, Joaquín and Norman Guerrero Mena, concluded: "that it is
not possible to determine, based on the evidence, that Marvin Gonzalez
Ruiz, "Wilmer" was legally responsible for the events under
investigation. He added that "there is no evidence that he was
committed the crime, was an accomplice thereto or participated in a
cover up of the same". In his written verdict he found that the
crimes had been committed but that the accused was not responsible for
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, in its Report (OEA/Ser.
L/V/II.53, doc. 25, June 30, 1981, page 38) points out that "almost
all of the cases refer to events that occurred in the month of July,
1979 within a few days of the change of Government, when fighting was
still taking place in different parts of the country and when various
armed groups existed and acted in the name of the Sandinist Front for
National Liberation but refused to accept any central authority."
Judge of the Criminal District of Granada, in the same judicial finding,
indicated "that it is not possible to exactly identify the
persons, who according to the witness, detained Dr. Mayorga, nor to
which Military Unit they belonged, where they were posted, if they were
truly Sandinist soldiers or not, nor if they belonged to the militia or
were simply armed civilians. And he adds that "when the
Revolution was only a few days old, a large number of persons had arms
constituting what technically could be called irregular rebel forces
opposed to the Somoza regime."
Honorable Inter-American Commission on Human Rights recognized this
situation in its June 30, 1981 Report (page 67, paragraph 1) when at
stated: "Nicaragua, in those first days, experienced anarchy and
non-government, the inevitable consequence of the change that took
place. During that period the country had no public administration,
police force or functioning courts."
is clear that in conformance with Article 39 of the Regulations of the
Honorable Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, that the certified
judgment I have attached hereto is an element of proof that contradicts
the testimony of the complainants in the "La Pólvora" case,
and which continue to be investigated by the judicial authorities of
Nicaragua since the judge's holding has been sent to the Court of
Appeals, Criminal Branch of the City of Granada which is carefully
reviewing the matter. Therefore, the judicial investigation is
continuing and the internal remedies have yet to be exhausted.
34 of the Regulations requires the exhaustion of internal remedies
before a petition may be admitted by the Honorable Commission which
explains why the Government of Nicaragua deplores the decision taken by
the Commission particularly since the Commission knows full well the
situation through which Nicaragua passed in the first few days after the
triumph of the Revolution, the fact that there were no police, nor an
army nor a functioning judiciary.
a result the Government of Nicaragua has the firm hope that the
Commission will reconsider Resolution 12/83, the case of "La Pólvora",
in light of this explanation which demonstrates the contradiction
between the conclusions arrived at by the Inter-American Commission on
Human Rights itself in its 1981 Report that there was
"non-government and anarchy" and subsequently the imposition
of this extremely serious resolution.
is more, the case has not been closed and the judicial investigation is
continuing at the appellate level as has been explained.
1. That the
Government of Nicaragua, within the time frame established by the
Commission, has requested reconsideration of Resolution 12/83 of July 1,
1983, for which reason it is proper to reexamine the case.
2. That the
Government of Nicaragua alleges that internal remedies available under
national law have not yet been exhausted and that the case continues to
be investigated. The Commission believes that this allegation is without
merit in accordance with Article 46.2 c) of the American Convention
which establishes that the defense of failure to exhaust internal
remedies can not be employed when there has been unjustified delay of
the case, since to date, despite the period of time which has
transpired, there has not been a firm willingness on the part of the
Nicaraguan authorities to conclude their investigation and punish those
responsible for the crimes in question.
3. That the
members of the Commission have a moral conviction regarding the veracity
of the complaints, a belief arrived at as a result of their own
observations and the information and testimony taken during their
on-site visit to Nicaragua.
4. That the
Commission, as it indicated in its Special Report on that country, is
not unaware of the lack of government and anarchy which prevailed during
the first days of the revolution, the inevitable result of such a
charge, a period during which there was no public administration, police
force or functioning judiciary, but this fact does not imply that the
events under consideration in this case, and about which the Commission
is convinced, do not constitute violations of rights contained in the
American Convention on Human Rights, to which Nicaragua is a party.
1. To reconsider
and set aside Resolution 12/83 of July 1, 1983.
2. To deplore the
delay in conducting the judicial investigation, which has meant that to
date those responsible for the crimes in question have gone unpunished.
3. To declare that
cause of action in this case constitutes an extremely serious violation
of Articles 4 (Right to Life), 7 (Right to Personal Liberty) and 8
(Judicial Guarantees), of the American Convention on Human Rights.
4. To recommend
that the Government of Nicaragua conclude its investigation of this case
as soon as possible to fix the responsibility of those persons guilty of
the illegal executions which took place at the "La Pólvora"
Prison, so that they might be appropriately punished under law and that
the Government so inform the Commission as to the measures it has taken.
5. To communicate
this Resolution to both the Government and the complainants.
6. To include this
Resolution in its Annual Report to the General Assembly of the
Organization of American States.
All these cases were included in the Commission's Report on Human
Rights in Nicaragua, issued as a result of the on-site observation
conducted in Nicaragua in October of 1980. In its preliminary
response, the Government of Nicaragua stated the following with
respect to the case of "La Pólvora". "The Supreme
Court of Justice, by
way of a written instruction of May 18th of this year, ordered the
prosecutor to continue the investigation of this case and inform
this high court of its results".