communication dated 10 March 1976 denounced the detention of 53
individuals--whose names are listed--and further denounced that a number
of them had disappeared;
to the denunciation, this list included only part of the approximately
200 individuals who were detained in Paraguay during November and
December of 1975;
to the claimant, a number of residences were entered and some private
effects were confiscated;
to the communication, in some instances, if the individual sought was
not found either the spouse or some other members of the family were
charges have been brought against the individuals detained;
cases of torture involving women, the sick and the elderly are alleged;
claimant reports that one of these women, Selva Ramírez, was five
months pregnant when detained;
is alleged that the authorities have not informed the members of the
family of the location where the individuals detained are to be found;
a note dated March 29, 1976, the Commission transmitted to the
Government of Paraguay the pertinent parts of the denunciation and
requested that it provide the appropriate information (Article 42 of the
51.1 of the Regulations of the Commission provides the following:
The occurrence of the events on which information has been
requested will be presumed to be confirmed if the Government referred to
has not supplied such information within 180 days of the request,
provided always that the invalidity of the events denounced is not shown
by other elements of proof.
the amount of time that has elapsed, the Government of Paraguay has
provided no information whatever;
INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, RESOLVES:
1. In application
of Article 51.1 of the Regulations, to presume the events denounced to
2. To point out to
the Government of Paraguay that such events constitute very serious
violations of the rights to liberty and personal security (Article I of
the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man); of the right
to protection for the family (Article VI); of the right to the
inviolability of the home (Article IX); of the right to a fair trial
(Article XVIII); of the right of protection against arbitrary arrest
(Article XXV); and of the right to due process of law (Article XXVI).
3. To recommend to
the Government of Paraguay that it immediately release the individuals
detained and take the necessary steps to establish the whereabouts of
those who have disappeared.
4. To recommend
that the Government of Paraguay punish, in accordance with Paraguayan
law, those responsible for the events denounced and that within sixty
days it inform the Commission of the measures taken.
5. To forward the
resolution to the Government of Paraguay and to the claimants.
6. To include the
resolution in its Annual Report to the General Assembly of the
Organization (Article 9 (bis), c, iii of the Statute).
at the 520th meeting, May 12, 1977 (41st Session)
and forwarded to the Government of Paraguay on May 27, 1977.