Nš 1834, presented in a communication dated April 16, 1974, in
connection with the general status of human rights in Cuba and, in
particular, those of political prisoners. This report was supplemented
by extensive documentation and a list of political prisoners, including
their place of detention, length of sentence, and health conditions.
its thirty-second session (April 1974), the Commission decided to
transmit to the Government of Cuba the pertinent parts of the
denunciation, in accordance with Articles 42 and 44 of the Regulations.
to this decision, the Commission sent a note to the Government of Cuba
on June 3, 1974. In the communication dated May 2, 1974, it informed the
complainants of the decision adopted on this case.
its thirty-four session (October 1974), the Commission continued its
examination of this case, noting that although the Government of Cuba
had not provided the information requested, the 180-day period provided
for under Article 51 of the Regulation for provision of information had
not yet elapsed.
the examination, the CIDH took into account the additional information
supplied by the complainant, who appeared before it on October 24, 1974,
to expand upon the denunciation.
also took into account the background in connection with its activities
as regards the status of human rights in Cuba and the fact that the
Cuban government had not answered any of its requests provided for under
the Regulations. With regard to this point options were again exchanged
as to the advisability of taking measures that could in future bring the
Government of Cuba to allow an on-site investigation of the status of
human rights or of finding other means to improve the status of
political prisoners in that country.
a result of the examination the CIDH decided the following at that
repeat to the Government of
Cuba its request that it send the pertinent information, enclosing with
that request the pertinent part of the additional information provided
by the claimant during the course of the session;
instruct the Secretariat to
prepare a document containing background information on the status of
human rights in Cuba, updating it by providing the data received since
the "Second Report on the Situation of Political Prisoners and
their Families in Cuba" (doc. 6-23).
postpone the request to the
Government of Cuba to allow the Commission to enter Cuban territory and
to consider this matter at its next session, bearing in mind the
circumstances existing at that time and to authorize the Chairman, if he
deems it appropriate, to take such measures as he may consider
appropriate on behalf of political prisoners in Cuba. In keeping with
paragraph a) of this decision, the Commission sent a note to the
Government of Cuba on December 17, 1974. In a letter dated November 25,
1974, the claimant was also informed of pertinent part of the decision.
its thirty-fifth session (May 1975), the Commission noted that the
Government of Cuba had not submitted the appropriate reports and period
of time and extensions allotted for provision of such information had
elapsed. Therefore, they agreed to presume confirmation of the facts
contained in the denunciation, in application of the provisions
contained in Article 51 of the Regulations. To that end, it approved the
following resolution (OEA/Ser.L/V/II.35, doc.3, rev.1, of May 29, 1975):
communication of April 16, 1974, various acts, imputable to the
Government of Cuba are denounced allegedly in violation of Articles I,
II, XVIII, XXV and XXVI of the American Declaration of the Rights and
Duties of Man.
exercise of the authority granted it by Article 9 (bis) of its statute,
the Commission requested the Government of Cuba, by note of June 3,
1974, to provide the appropriate information and transmitted to it, at
the same time, the pertinent parts of the aforementioned communication,
in the manner established in Articles 42 (1) and 44 of its Regulation.
its thirty-four session (October 1975) the Commission considered a
communication of October 24, 1975, furnishing additional information to
that of April 16, in which the Government of Cuba is accused of acts and
situations allegedly in violation of the rights to life, liberty and
personal security; to equality before the law; to a fair trial; of
protection from arbitrary arrest and to due process of law.
that the Government of Cuba had not replied to the request for
information of June 3, 1974, it was also decided at that session to
repeat the request with mention of the date on which the 180-day period
of Article 51 of the Regulation would elapse and the application of the
rule of the presumption of the confirmation of the allegations
established in that article, and to transmit the government, at the same
time, the pertinent parts of the additional information submitted by the
claimants and to request the appropriate information, as provided by
Article 9 (bis) of the Statute and Article 42 (1) and 44 of the
to this decision a note was sent to the Government of Cuba on December
Government of Cuba has not responded.
51 of the Regulations reads as follows:
Occurrence of the events on which information has been requested will be
presumed to be confirmed if the Government referred to has not supplied
such information within 180 days of the request, provided always, that
the invalidity of the events denounced is not shown by other elements of
Commission may make an extension to the term of 180 days in cases in
which it finds it justified."
the formulation of observation nor, in general, the competence of the
Commission to take cognizance of denunciations regarding violations of
human rights committed in the territory of Cuba is barred by the
measures adopted by the Organization of American States with respect to
the present government of that country, since that government has not
denounced the Charter of the Organization, provided for in Article 148
of the Charter, for which reason it is the duty of the Commission to
continue to take cognizance of these denunciations.
view of the systematic silence of the present Government of Cuba in the
face of the numerous communications received from the Commission, it
would serve no practical purpose to make the type of recommendations
envisaged in Articles 9 b and 9 (bis) b of the Statute. However, this
does not prevent the Commission from making known its considered opinion
of the allegations to General Assembly of the Organization of American
INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, RESOLVES:
presume the confirmation of the occurrence of allegations contained in
the communications of April 16 and October 24, 1974, in application of
Article 51 of the Regulations.
include this resolution in the Annual Report that the Commission
presents to the General Assembly of the Organization (Article 9(bis) c
of its Statute) making known that the allegations constitute a very
serious case of the violation of the rights to life, liberty and
personal security; to equality before the law; to a fair trial; of
protection from arbitrary arrest and to due process of law, set forth in
Articles I, II, XVIII, XXV and XXVI of the American Declaration of the
Rights and Duties of Man.
transmit this resolution to the Government of Cuba and to the claimants.
resolution was brought to the attention of the Government of Cuba
through a note of June 1, 1975, and of the claimants on June 4, 1975.